Abigail married her husband, Millard, in 1826 after postponing their nuptials due to poor financial resources. Millard was elected vice president in 1849, then assumed the presidency just 16 months later following Zachary Taylor's death. Abigail did not enjoy the social scene. She preferred to read. Congress appropriated the funds and Abigail established the official White House Library.
On the obverse of the Abigail Fillmore issues, we find a portrait of her that was designed and sculpted by Phebe Hemphill. The reverse was designed by Susan Gamble and sculpted by Joseph Menna, showing Mrs. Fillmore placing books on a shelf at the White House library that she established.