James Buchanan's First Spouse coin is unusual. Buchanan is the only president to never marry. James Buchanan's Presidency was rife with turmoil. He is known as the President who did nothing to stop the Civil War. Feeling the issue of slavery could be resolved by the U.S. Supreme Court, Buchanan allowed Americans to divide themselves. Buchanan denied states the right to secede, but admitted the federal government could not legally stop them. Buchanan then took a "policy of inactivity" and left the largest mess ever seen by the U.S. to his successor, Abraham Lincoln.
The figure of Liberty on the obverse is a reproduction of the one found on the Liberty Head Quarter Eagle that was minted from 1840 through 1907 and designed by Christian Gobrecht. On the reverse we see a young Buchanan in the family’s small country store doing bookkeeping. It was designed by David Westwood and sculpted by Joseph Menna.