2009 Austria Gold 100 Euro Archducal Crown of Austria Proof

2009 Austria Gold 100 Euro Archducal Crown of Austria Proof

Affectionately known as the ‘Archduke’s Hat’ due to the red velvet cap in its lining, the Archducal Crown was a symbol of authority never actually used in coronations.This is the second coin in the Crowns of the House of Habsburg series. Minted in 2009, this coin was struck in 986 fine gold, has an agw of .5072 and was made exclusively in Proof quality with a maximum mintage of 30,000 pieces. Each coin comes in an attractive box with a numbered certificate of authenticity as well as a replica lapel pin.

Emperor Rudolf IV invented the title of ‘Archduke’ in an attempt to assert the status of the House of Habsburg as the equal of any Prince Elector of the Holy Roman Empire. The Archduke’s Hat is a diadem of eight golden peaks, three of which can be seen on the coin’s obverse where the crown is shown resting on the cushion of the federal lower states of Austria. The cushion was used to carry the crown into Vienna from its home in the monastery of Klosterneuburg for the ceremony of homage paid by the Estates of Lower Austria on the accession of a new Habsburg ruler. The reverse of the coin depicts the solemn ceremonial procession, with three high-ranking officials carrying the crown, orb and sceptre from the palace to the cathedral through the streets of Vienna.

A prestigious collection case for the whole series of five coins may be purchased separately.

In 1194, Richard the Lionheart paid 12 tons of Silver to Duke Leopold V of Austria to secure his freedom from a year of incarceration. This act unintentionally laid the foundation for the Austrian Mint, as Duke Leopold had coins struck from Richard the Lionheart’s ransom. In doing so, Leopold set in motion more than 800 years of minting history in Vienna, though it would be another 200 years before the Vienna Mint was mentioned in historical documents.

The Vienna Mint was originally situated near Hoher Merkt and later at various locations in Vienna. Since the first half of the 19th century, the mint has been housed in Heumarkt in central Vienna, where coins are still struck to this day. Minting facilities opened throughout Austria until 1918 when the Republic of Austria was formed and the Vienna Principal Mint became the singular minting facility. In 1989, the name officially changed to the Austrian Mint and became a subsidiary of the Austrian National Bank.

One of the Austrian Mint’s most recognized coins is the Maria Teresa Thaler, which is not simply a famous Silver coin, but one that boasts the greatest number minted. Another prime example of the mint’s international success is the Gold Philharmonic, one of the most popular Gold bullion coins worldwide. The Gold Philharmonic has played a vital role in developing the Austrian Mint into a highly successful company. The Austrian Mint’s beautifully crafted coins are minted in the heart of Vienna and are sought after by investors and collectors around the world.

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