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What is a Libertad?

Published on 01/29/2021 by APMEX

What is a Libertad?

The Mexican Libertads are Silver and Gold coins originating from Mexico. They are minted by the Mexican Mint. The Mexican Mint was established in 1535 and is the oldest mint in the Americas. Libertads don't have a face value but are still accepted as currency and guaranteed by Banco de México based on the market value of their Precious Metal content. 

What is a Gold Libertad?

The 1 oz Gold Mexican Libertad has been popular since its introduction in 1981. These stunning Gold coins are issued in fractional sizes of 1/20 oz, 1/10 oz, 1/4 oz and 1/2 oz, along with the more familiar 1 oz coins. The Gold Libertad is unique, being the only Gold coin issued in the world that has no face value stamped on the coin, yet is accepted as currency. Our selection of these stunning Mexican coins also includes Gold Libertad Proof coins.

Made from .999 fine Gold, this exceptionally stunning Gold coin resembles the design of the renowned 50 Peso Gold Coin known as the Centenario. The artwork featured on the Mexican Libertad coin is both arrestingly beautiful and important to the history of Mexico. The obverse of the Mexican Libertad coin bears a finely detailed sculptural relief of the National Shield ringed by tiny images of the country’s various historical coats of arms. The reverse of the Mexican Libertad, though, is a truly stunning work of art of surpassing magnificence. It depicts national emblems held dear by the Mexican people, the Winged Victory statue against a background of the Mexican mountain Iztaccíhuatl and the volcano Popocatépetl. Its legendary design and limited mintage make the Mexican Libertad Gold Coin a sought-after addition to any collection.

What is a Silver Libertad?

The 1 oz Silver Libertad Brilliant Uncirculated coin was first introduced in 1982, and have been produced annually since their introduction. The coins are produced at the Mexican Mint, the oldest Mint in North America. Each year of release has varying mintages, typically much lower than other bullion counterparts, which adds to the collectibility of the Libertad series. 

Originally, from 1982 to 1991, the Mexican Mint offered the Silver bullion Libertad in just 1 oz Silver. In 1992, the Mexican Mint introduced the 1/2 oz, 1/4 oz, 1/10 oz, and 1/20 oz coins to the series. In 1996, the Mexican Mint again expanded the series to include the 2 oz and 5 oz Silver coins. The latest addition to the Silver bullion coins came in 2008 when the 1 kilo coin was introduced. The Mexican Mint has offered each of these weights every year since they were introduced, with a few exceptions. The exceptions include the 2012 1/20 oz Silver Libertad, 2013 and 2014 1 kilo Silver Libertads, which were not offered.

APMEX has two exclusive labels with the most prestigious grading companies in the industry. The coat of arms label is an APMEXclusive® with NGS, while the green label is an APMEXclusive® with PCGS. The coat of arms label originated in 2019. The green label debuted in 2016 for Gold and 2017 for Silver.

Mexican Silver Libertad Design

The Mexican Silver Libertad coins have featured the same design elements on the obverse and reverse since 1982. When the series was introduced in 1982, the Mexican Mint used designs from the Gold Centenario coin from 1921. The obverse of the coins featured the modern coat of arms of Mexico from 1982 to 1999. This design includes a Mexican golden eagle in left-profile relief with its talons and beak holding a rattlesnake as the bird sits perched on a prickly pear cactus. Coins produced from 1982 to 1995 show the old angel design.

The original depiction of Winged Victory appeared on the reverse of the Mexican Silver Libertad in 1982. The design portrayed her figure in front-facing relief. She held up a wreath crown in her right hand with broken chains in her left hand. There is a notched edge design element with the mountains of Popocatepetl and Iztaccihuatl in the background field. In 1996, a new design was released featuring a new portrayal of Winged Victory. The design featured the statue at the top of the Mexican Independence Victory Column, but now featured her image from a three-quarter side portrait instead with greater visibility of the mountains in the background field.

The obverse of the coin features Mexico's coat of arms, with the design updating in 2000 to also picture the historical coat of arms of Mexico. The reverse of the beautiful coin tells the legend of two star-crossed lovers, princess Iztaccíhuatl and warrior Popocatépetl, turned into volcanoes by the Aztec gods, so they can finally be together. The angel of Victory depicted on the reverse was changed in 1996 to show a three-quarter side profile.

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