Silver Spot Price
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How Much Your Silver is Worth
Depending on where you live, the silver spot price may not be listed in the currency you use. APMEX has provided a silver calculator to show you the silver price based on factors like currency, quantity, a unit of measure, and purity of the silver. Need to insure your stack? Take the guesswork out of determining the value with our silver coin calculator. Make informed sales and investments with your collection. If you’re trying to figure out how much the sterling silver around your house is worth, use our silver scrap calculator to clear your clutter and make some money.
Silver Spot Price FAQ
Silver is available for investment in a number of forms, such as physical silver bullion and paper silver. Silver bullion is most found in coin, round, and bar forms with numerous size options. Some investors appreciate government-minted coins, while others prefer purchasing silver bullion bars and rounds at lower premiums. On the other hand, paper silver is available in the form of Exchange-Traded Funds (ETFs) and certificates – essentially, a piece of paper stating a financial institution is holding a specific amount of silver for you. These options differ from silver bullion because the physical silver is never actually in the buyer’s hands.
Silver bullion refers to a silver product valued by and sold mostly for its metal content and does not contain any numismatic or collectible value. Silver bullion often appears in the form of bars, rounds, and sovereign coins that carry a face value and are backed by a government. These products are most commonly categorized, therefore, as either .999 fine or .9999 fine silver bullion, meaning the product is either 99.9% or 99.99% pure silver.
Browse our broad selection to find the perfect silver bullion coin for your collection today.
If you are interested in diversifying your silver bullion with gold, explore our selection of gold bullion for sale today.
The silver bullion prices are established and adjusted by the world market, which includes buyers and sellers, relating to the price of silver futures. Established markets worldwide are known for their Precious Metal exchanges and international client bases, such as – the Commodity Exchange Inc. (COMEX), New York Mercantile Exchange (NYMEX), London Bullion Market (LBM), and the Chinese Gold and Silver Exchange Society (CGSE) to name a few of the most well-known.
Silver's value is based on the live silver spot price, which is affected by various influences such as global supply versus demand, market conditions, and geopolitical events. In a silver product, the metal content determines the value's weight. An exception can be seen with rare or collectible numismatic silver products, usually with a premium higher than the value based solely on the metal's weight.
Other considerations like packaging, a certified grade from a third party, and merchandising can impact the final price for the silver you purchased. APMEX uses third-party grading companies PCGS and NGC, both known for their reliability and trusted guarantees, to guarantee the condition of coins and encapsulate them to maintain their grade.
The price of silver can fluctuate based on market conditions, supply and demand, geopolitical events, and more. When someone refers to the price of silver per ounce, they refer to the silver spot price. While the overall price of your coin will change with the silver spot price, silver coin values can still vary depending on other factors such as mintage, scarcity, and condition. Whether they come from a private mint or a sovereign mint, silver coin values will differ.
An ounce is not a "regular" ounce when paying the spot on silver prices. When Americans refer to ounces, they generally are referring to Avoirdupois ounces. The price of silver per ounce is always listed in troy ounces, which equals 1.09711 Avoirdupois ounces. One troy ounce equals 31.1035 grams. Troy weight, a unit of measure in medieval France, has become an integral part of today's precious metals industry. Brought to us from Troyes centuries ago, its use is invaluable in determining accurate measurements for gold and other metals' quantities.
Silver’s bid price is the price the dealer is willing to buy silver while the silver ask price is the price at which the dealer offers to sell the silver to customers. Generally, the difference found in the bid and ask price includes the costs for fabrication and distribution of the coin, which is called the premium. The price difference between the buying price and selling price is the spread – so if silver is purchased at $20.00 and sold for $25.00, then the spread will be $5.00 USD.
The overall price of your coin will change with the silver spot price, but silver coin values also vary depending on factors such as mintage, scarcity, and condition. Silver coin values will differ whether they come from private or sovereign mints. Coins and bullion make great investment opportunities; for any questions regarding the eligibility of specific silver products in your investment portfolios, please consult your financial advisor.
Are you considering about buying silver dollar coins? Please browse our selection and find the right coin for your collection today.
Silver prices are the same at any moment regardless of where you buy. Live silver prices always reflect silver traded in U.S. dollars. In local markets, the silver price in USD is converted to the local currency to reflect the price for one troy ounce of silver. There are some better-known exchange markets located around the world for trading Precious Metals that are always up to date on the silver spot prices, such as the COMEX, NYMEX, LBM, and CGSE.
After deciding what kind of silver you’re interested in buying, you must decide how to store your silver securely. Your first decision will be if you want to store your silver at home or in a secure third-party facility. If you choose to store it at home, you can keep your silver in a safe or lock box to provide an extra level of protection. If you wish to store somewhere other than your home, a place that can provide higher levels of protection against theft or environmental damage, you can store your silver with a reliable third party such as Citadel (a subsidiary of APMEX) for a small fee.
If you decide to trust Citadel with your precious metals, there are many benefits over storing your investments at your home. Citadel secures your silver and peace of mind by protecting against theft, physical damage, and loss. Your holdings are never placed with our customers’ products, and you will have a personalized web page detailing your items in storage so you can check their real-time market value. APMEX will also buy back your stored purchases at market price, and there is no shipping cost when you decide to sell to us.
Are you ready to sell your silver? With APMEX, you can sell your precious metals online – quickly and easily! Visit the Sell Silver to Us section to receive information on how to sell your silver bars, coins, and rounds to APMEX or call our Specialists for a detailed selling process at 800.375.9006.
The gold to silver ratio is a formula used to determine how many ounces of silver it takes to buy one ounce of gold. For the ratio, take the gold price divided by the silver price. Investors use this ratio to determine the relative value of silver to see if a potential buying opportunity exists. Track today's live gold price and stay informed.
Interested in diversifying your investment strategy with gold? Browse our broad selection of gold coins, rounds, and bars.
Investing in a Precious Metals IRA with silver, or a self-directed IRA, is an investment option with upside potential. Similar to standard IRAs, you can purchase and sell your metal with the tax-deferred, allowing the profits from sales to remain untaxed until you withdraw them at retirement age – when it may be more financially advantageous for you.
Shopping online with APMEX may involve state and local taxes based on a few factors. The full or partial order amount being taxed and your shipping destination address can determine the tax rate. To find out more details about individual states' regulations, visit our State Tax Information page!
When ordering online or over the telephone with us, your price is locked in the moment your order is submitted. After submitting your order, you will also receive an email containing an order confirmation listing what you purchased and your final price.
When purchasing with APMEX, you can choose between several payment methods. In some cases, these options may even include discounts. To find out which accepted payments qualify for special offers and see all our detailed FAQs about pricing and payment types, visit our Payment FAQ page today.
Why Do Investors Buy Physical Silver
Silver is a precious metal with a finite supply. Its limited supply and many uses across industries from healthcare to automotive to energy mean it will always be in demand. In addition, it has no counterparty risk when you purchase and hold physical silver. Counterparty risk is the risk that another person or entity will not uphold their part of a contract. When banks or organizations such as FTX fail, investors and depositors lose much – sometimes everything. Those who hold physical silver have an investment that doubles as a hedge against the worst-case scenario. Silver is a multi-purpose investment that can be useful for several investment strategies.
Silver Price History
Throughout most of the 1990s, one troy ounce of silver traded around $5.00. In the early 2000s, the price of a troy ounce of silver began to increase. It has undergone periods of volatility with great movements up and down. Since 1990, the lowest price silver has ever reached was $3.55 in 1991, and the highest price ever reached was $48.70 in 2011. Silver went higher once in 1980 when it went to $49.45 per troy ounce in the wake of a near global financial collapse when the Hunt Brothers attempted to corner the silver market and buy all available silver. They did this by financing their speculative ventures to such a degree that missing a margin call set off a cascade of events that affected not only the price of silver, but also gold and other assets and commodities. In the aftermath, several regulations were put in place to prevent a similar event from occurring. A single individual or entity should no longer be able to take over the entire silver market and create a monopoly.
Advocates of silver point to the 1980 spike in prices a sign for what silver prices can reach, especially in a scarcity environment, and point out that $49.45 in 1980 would be the equivalent of $184.64 in 2023 due to inflation. This puts a theoretical upper limit on the spot price of silver.
Using all-time highs for timing
Sophisticated investors who want to time the market sometimes use all time highs to determine when it’s a good time to buy or sell. The current all-time high is in 1980 at $49.45, however this was due to market manipulation and a near catastrophic system failure that drove prices through the roof. If we look at the next highest price it was in 2011 for $48.70. Investors will sometimes use this information in one of two ways. They will either look at the high in 1980 or 2011 as a flat dollar amount and consider that their baseline for how high silver can go. Others will convert the highs from those years into today’s numbers to account for inflation and consider that the high for silver. In 1980, the high would be equivalent to $184.64 and for 2011 the high would translate to $66.61 in 2023. One way to interpret these numbers are to think about the potential silver can reach in a system failure vs the high silver may reach from normal supply and demand imbalance.
Could Silver Reach $100, $300 or $1,000 Per Ounce?
We cover this topic extensively on the Knowledge Center in our article “Could the Price of Silver Ever Reach $1000 Per Ounce”. Silver is the target of a recurring hype cycle online where pundits, influencers, and some industry leaders begin predicting silver’s price will skyrocket. Although these predictions have circulated for some time, they have yet to manifest.
There are very good reasons to invest in silver. It’s a tangible investment that has stood the test of time. It has no counterparty risk, its value has increased nearly 600% since the 1990s, and its built-in scarcity and utility mean its value will never drop to zero like some investments do. We encourage our customers and readers to do their own research prior to investing in silver, and to invest wisely.
Factors that influence silver prices
Silver prices are influenced by a combination of macroeconomic factors, market sentiment, and industry-specific dynamics. Global economic conditions play a significant role, with factors like inflation rates, interest rates, and overall economic growth affecting silver prices. Market sentiment, influenced by geopolitical events and investor demand for safe-haven assets, can lead to rapid price fluctuations. Industrial demand for silver, driven by its use in various sectors like electronics and green technologies, also impacts prices. Moreover, mining production levels, geopolitical stability in major silver-producing regions, and fluctuations in the value of the U.S. dollar, as silver is priced in dollars, contribute to the overall volatility and trend in silver prices.
One example on the week of November 28th, 2023, may help illustrate how silver prices may move in accordance to market conditions. When the Fed’s Christopher Waller made dovish statements regarding the possibility of rate cuts in 2024, the market reacted strongly. The two-year treasury yield dropped 8.9 basis points and prices of gold and silver both surged. Silver spot price increased 4.21% from the start of the week in response to these market conditions.
How is the Silver Spot Price Determined?
Silver spot prices are primarily determined through commodity futures exchanges like the COMEX (Commodity Exchange). The spot price represents the current market value for immediate delivery of silver. On the COMEX, a continuous auction process occurs where buyers and sellers submit orders to purchase or sell silver futures contracts. The intersection of the highest bid and the lowest ask prices establishes the current spot price. This price discovery mechanism involves a dynamic interplay of market participants responding to factors such as supply and demand dynamics, geopolitical events, economic indicators, and investor sentiment. The COMEX spot price serves as a benchmark for silver valuations globally, influencing various market participants, including miners, manufacturers, and investors.
While the COMEX (Commodity Exchange) is a major platform for silver futures trading and plays a significant role in price discovery, there are other commodity exchanges and markets that also contribute to determining the silver spot price. The LBMA (London Bullion Market Association) is a crucial player in the global precious metals market, and the London Silver Fix, now replaced by the LBMA Silver Price, provides a benchmark for silver prices. Additionally, various futures and commodities exchanges worldwide, such as the Tokyo Commodity Exchange (TOCOM) and the Shanghai Futures Exchange (SHFE), contribute to the broader global pricing of silver. The aggregated influence of these exchanges and the interconnectivity of global financial markets contribute to the comprehensive determination of the silver spot price.
How Silver Futures Influence Silver Spot Prices
The silver spot price represents the current market value of silver for immediate delivery and settlement. It reflects the prevailing supply and demand conditions in the physical silver market. In contrast, silver futures are financial contracts that obligate the buyer to purchase or the seller to deliver a specified quantity of silver at a predetermined future date and price. Futures contracts allow participants to hedge against price volatility or speculate on future price movements. The difference between the silver spot price and silver futures is influenced by factors such as market expectations, interest rates, storage costs, and supply-demand dynamics, making it essential for investors and traders to carefully analyze these variables when engaging in silver-related transactions.
Why are there Differences Between Silver Spot and Silver Future Prices?
Contango and backwardation refer to the relationship between future and spot prices in commodity markets. In the context of silver futures, contango occurs when the futures price of silver is higher than the spot price, indicating market expectations of higher future demand or lower future supply. This situation can arise due to storage costs and interest rates. On the other hand, backwardation occurs when the futures price is lower than the spot price, signaling expectations of lower future demand or higher future supply. Traders and investors closely monitor these dynamics as they can provide insights into market sentiment and supply-demand conditions, influencing trading strategies in the silver market.
How to trade the gold to silver ratio
The ratio between gold and silver signifies the quantity of silver needed to acquire one ounce of gold, providing valuable insights into the relative worth of these precious metals. A higher ratio historically indicates potential undervaluation of silver compared to gold, presenting an opportune moment for silver-focused investments, while a lower ratio may suggest favorability for gold investments. Experienced investors strategically shift between silver and gold based on this ratio. For instance, consider an investor who purchased 5 ounces of gold in January 2019 when the gold to silver ratio stood at 82. By April or May 2020, with the ratio at 112, the investor might have exchanged gold for 560 ounces of silver. Subsequently, in September 2020, as the ratio dropped to 70, the investor could trade the 560 ounces of silver back for 8 ounces of gold. Accounting for an initial gold price of around $1300/ounce in January 2019 and a gold price exceeding $1900/ounce in September 2020, such ratio-based trading could yield significant returns, surpassing 133%. It's important to note that this simplified scenario does not consider factors like taxes, premiums, or the investor's trade decisions. In practical terms, individual investors typically convert assets to a liquid currency, such as the US dollar, for trading purposes. The type of product purchased matters as well. An investor trading the gold to silver ratio usually prefers silver with low premiums that are easy to liquidate such as 1 oz silver bars or silver coins from a sovereign mint.
Why is Silver Used as a Store of Wealth
Silver has historically played a role as a form of currency, particularly in times of hyperinflation when fiat currencies lose value rapidly. During hyperinflationary crises, people often turn to tangible assets like silver to preserve their wealth. In recent history, notable examples include the hyperinflation in Zimbabwe in the late 2000s. The Zimbabwean dollar experienced astronomical inflation rates, prompting citizens to seek alternative stores of value, with some turning to silver and gold. Similarly, during the hyperinflationary period in Venezuela that began in the mid-2010s, the Venezuelan bolivar lost its value at an alarming rate, leading individuals to turn to precious metals like silver as a more stable form of wealth preservation. In such extreme economic scenarios, silver's intrinsic value and historical role as a currency provide individuals with a tangible and tradable asset that can serve as a hedge against the eroding value of fiat currencies. In Venezuela, silver is used to barter for food, medicine and fuel and continues to play a role in the economy today. While the Bolivar dropped in value due to hyperinflation, the value of silver and other precious metals remained strong, making it not only a wise investment but an excellent store of wealth.
Some of the worst examples of hyperinflation include Germany post WWI, Greece after WWII, and Yugoslavia in 1994. Precious metals such as silver helped save many people during these periods.
The Green Revolution and Silver’s Industrial Uses
With constrained supply and the ever-growing demand for silver, there is a consensus belief that demand will outstrip supply and prices will rise. At the center of this narrative is the demand for silver in electric vehicles and in photovoltaics – or solar panels. With the massive build back better bill funneling hundreds of billions towards a green revolution that is heavily dependent on silver, many traders are following the money. Silver supply has only increased a very small amount each year. In 2021, the total supply increased by 4.9%, and in 2022, the supply increased by .02%, which was essentially flat. 2023 was forecast to a mere 2% increase. The constrained supply is due to regulatory hurdles and the lead time it takes for new mines to become operational. We have seen massive demand between 2020 and 2023, yet supply has not kept pace.
Photovoltaics or solar uses a lot of silver. Silver consumption for silver has increased by 10% in 2021, and 28% in 2022 and is forecast to consumer an additional 15% in 2023. The forecast demand for 2023 is 161 million ounces, and that number is set to only grow. Between 2020 and 2023, the solar industry has consumed 91% of the supply increase alone. With additional spending set to propel this industry further, silver consumption is expected to outpace supply.
|Supply Increase YoY
|Solar YoY Increase
In addition to solar, electric vehicles use considerably more silver than ICE (internal combustion engine) vehicles. Although the amount of silver in each EV varies by brand and model, a very rough estimate puts ICE vehicles at about half of a troy ounce and EVs at about one troy ounce. For every EV to replace an ICE vehicle, we expect an additional 0.5 troy ounces to be consumed. This does not include the millions of ounces it will take to completely electrify our grid so electric car chargers are available around the US. Projections are constantly changing, and electric vehicle production has recently hit a slowdown with rising interest rates (2023) and manufacturers pulling back on their manufacturing forecasts. Nonetheless, 14% of the new vehicles sold in 2022 were EVs, marking meaningful progress from the 4% in 2020. Full electrification could easily consume an additional 100 million ounces by 2030 if EV adoption continues apace.
Silver stackers are watching the green revolution unfold as it has the potential to propel silver prices to much higher trading ranges as supply and demand attempts to balance out.
Why you should never attempt to buy silver below spot
In various industries, there are people out to take advantage of others, so it's important to exercise caution. If someone is offering to sell a troy ounce of silver below the spot price, they're likely dealing in fake silver coins or bars. The spot price shows the metal's real value, but the premium is necessary to keep the entire supply chain running, covering the costs for mines, refiners, mints, and retailers to make a profit. Without a premium, the metal stays in the ground, and there's no functioning market. If you come across silver listed below the spot price, it's best to be suspicious of the deal.