American Gold Buffalo Coins

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Gold has been mined and utilized in America since the famous Gold Rush in 1849. After its discovery, people from all over the world flocked to the area in search of Gold for themselves. The Gold Rush marked the beginning of Gold's long and storied history in America.

Gold is a valuable resource primarily due to its rarity, durability and ease of trade. Gold has been used as currency globally for thousands of years because it maintains its value over time. Gold is also a popular investment option because of its tendency to retain value during economic instability. A primary example of a popular Gold product for investments is the widely collected American Gold Buffalo coin from the U.S. Mint.

History of the American Gold Buffalo

The Gold Buffalo coin and other U.S. Mint Gold coins celebrate U.S. history and culture, paying tribute to significant moments in American history. The 1 troy ounce Gold Buffalo coin features a composite of three chiefs from different tribes: Big Tree, Iron Tail and Two Moons. Investors prefer the 1 oz Gold Buffalo because of its high quality .9999 fine Gold. The Gold Buffalo coin was the first .9999 fine Gold coin issued by the U.S. Mint and it is backed by the U.S. government. Gold coins like the 1 oz Gold Buffalo combine collectibility with bullion investment appeal. During inflationary times, the price of Gold is often stable, so the value of the Gold Buffalo coin can more readily hold its value.

History of the United States Mint

The U.S. Mint has a long history dating back to 1776 when the Continental Congress produced the nation's first coins. The U.S. Mint's mission has progressed over the years to match the needs of an ever-growing country. Today, the mint produces circulating coinage, Precious Metals bullion coins and numismatic products.

Congress created the U.S. Mint on April 2, 1792 by establishing the first facility in Philadelphia, which was the nation's capital at the time. In 1800, the mint moved to Washington D.C., where it has remained ever since. The U.S. Mint runs mint facilities in Philadelphia, Denver, San Francisco and West Point to meet the yearly demands for current circulating coinage. These four locations produce billions of coins annually - enough to meet and exceed the needs of consumers and businesses nationwide.

The famous mint is the manufacturer of the legal tender coinage for the U.S. The primary mission of the mint is to serve the American people through the manufacturing and distribution of circulating Precious Metals, national medals and collectible coins. The products created by the U.S. Mint serve to encourage interest in American history and culture while providing security over assets trusted to the country's people. The mint also produces circulating coinage for other countries as well. The foreign government coin programs help support the American economy by creating jobs and exports.

Gold Buffalo Design

The Gold Buffalo coin is based on James Earle Fraser's famous Buffalo Nickel. The obverse shows the famous Indian Head design. Classic buffalo artwork is on the reverse side, modeled after Black Diamond, which was the American Bison living in New York City's Central Park Zoo in the early 1900s. The Gold Buffalo brings back the design with finer detail and glory, creating a collectible coin that is both beautiful and valuable.

The Influence of James Earle Fraser

James Earle Fraser was born on December 11, 1876 in Winona, Minnesota. Fraser's father was a sculptor, so he grew up around art and creative expression. He began his art career as an illustrator for magazines and books. Later, Fraser turned to sculpture, which is what he is most famous for over the course of history. His sculptures were often based on Native American themes and stories.

Fraser's design for the Buffalo Nickel is one of the most famous and well-loved coin designs in U.S. history. The design was originally rejected by the Secretary of the Treasury because it didn't look like other coins of the time. However, after several revisions, the design was finally accepted and released into circulation in 1913. The design remained on the nickel until 1938.

James Earle Fraser's designs, both on the Buffalo Nickel and American Gold Buffalo coins, are beautiful and historically significant, making them perfect for capturing the essence of America in a coin. The Gold Buffalo coins remain popular with investors and collectors alike because of their high quality and unique design.

American Gold Buffalo Mintage Figures

The following are mintages for 1 oz Gold Buffalo BU coins since the initial release of the series:

  • 2006 - 337,012
  • 2007 - 136,503
  • 2008 - 189,500
  • 2009 - 200,000
  • 2010 - 209,000
  • 2011 - 250,000
  • 2012 - 100,000
  • 2013 - 198,500
  • 2014 - 180,500
  • 2015 - 220,500
  • 2016 - 219,500
  • 2017 - 99,500
  • 2018 - 121,500
  • 2019 - 61,500
  • 2020 - 242,000
  • 2021 - 350,500

APMEXclusive® First Day of Issue Black Diamond Label

The APMEXclusive® First Day of Issue Black Diamond label indicates that these coins were one of the first issued from the U.S. Mint while simultaneously highlighting this classic design's historical significance. Because of this desirable label's limited availability, these coins have historically been highly sought-after, which can bring in high premiums after their initial release.

APMEX MintDirect® Premier with PCGS FirstStrike® American Gold Buffalo Coins

This program began with the 2020 Silver Eagles but has now expanded to include other popular programs from trusted mints worldwide. This partnership with PCGS brings added value to the popular MintDirect® Premier products. MintDirect® Premier products in their sealed packaging will remain eligible for the FirstStrike® designation if submitted to PCGS for grading long after new FirstStrike®-eligible coins are typically gone from the market.

Previously, coins had to be stored in sealed monster boxes in secure, PCGS-approved storage locations since before the FirstStrike® deadline to qualify for this designation. Learn more about this exciting partnership.

Gold Buffalo Price

The price of a Gold Buffalo varies depending on the current spot price of Gold at the time of purchase. The spot price of Gold is the market price one ounce of Gold can be purchased and sold for instant delivery. The Gold spot price is continually changing, creating the importance for buyers to remain updated on performance indicators, such as current geopolitical events or market conditions for example, because they greatly affect the buying and selling of Gold every day.

The Gold Buffalo coin price will be the spot price of Gold plus a premium. Supply and demand along with market fluctuations will both contribute to the American Gold Buffalo price.

Buy Physical Gold from APMEX

When you buy Precious Metals, you are investing in assets that transcend the volatile market. Bullion can play a vital role in a modern portfolio, as it hedges against the uncertainty investors typically find with other common investments, such as stocks and bonds. Gold and Silver can be a game-changer for your investment strategy. Explore the benefits of buying Gold and Silver with APMEX.

American Gold Buffalo Coins for Sale at APMEX

If you need assistance in purchasing American Buffalo Gold coins, or if you should have any issue placing an order for Gold Buffalos on, we are eager to assist you. Our team of highly trained customer service associates can answer any questions on American Gold coins and can be reached by email or telephone, please call (800) 375-9006 or email

You can also sell Gold to APMEX by calling our Purchasing team at (800) 514-6318 to speak to one of our representatives or learn more about how to sell Gold to APMEX.

APMEX Customer Reviews

For over 20 years, APMEX has provided customers with an easy shopping experience they can trust. We pride ourselves on transparency and consider every customer review to be valuable feedback. Please take a moment to read our reviews from valued customers on American Gold Buffalo coins and more. We welcome and encourage feedback – each review allows us to improve your Precious Metals buying experience.

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